Direct Application of liquids onto the pavement is a proactive method that forms a protective layer between the pavement surface and snow and ice. Magic-0 by ProMelt and ProMelt Ultra 1000 can be used to prevent snow from adhering to the surface, melts snow and reduces the likelihood that ice will form, thus reducing the amount of time required for snow to melt and for roads to clear. Direct application of anti-icing liquids has been proven to reduce the amount of salt and abrasives. It also decreases the chance for "hard-pack" to develop. In some cases, it is so effective that it melts light snow on contact.